Academic Performance and Issues of Pregnant Students: Basis for an Intervention Plan
PDF

Keywords

Teenage pregnancy
academic performance,
socio-economic impact
health challenges
supportive interventions
sequential explanatory mixed-method design
Philippines

How to Cite

Tejada, J. A. M. (2023). Academic Performance and Issues of Pregnant Students: Basis for an Intervention Plan. AIDE Interdisciplinary Research Journal, 7(1), 66–77. https://doi.org/10.56648/aide-irj.v7i1.102

Abstract

Teenage pregnancy remains a significant concern in the Philippines, particularly affecting the student population in state universities and colleges. This study specifically investigates the impact of teenage pregnancy on the academic performance of students at Cagayan State University. It aims to detail these students' demographic and socio-economic profiles, comparing their academic outcomes before and after pregnancy and formulating a support plan. The research utilizes a sequential explanatory mixed-method design, blending quantitative data—such as academic records and demographic details—with qualitative insights into the students' personal and health-related challenges. The findings reveal that most pregnant students are in their second year of college, hail from low-income families, and deal with various concerns, including health complications and the stress of balancing education with impending motherhood. Despite these obstacles, the study interestingly notes an unexpected trend: academic performance does not suffer and, in some cases, improves as students become more determined to succeed for the sake of their future children. Based on these insights, the study recommends establishing comprehensive support programs at the university, including academic assistance, health services, and financial aid, to nurture an environment that supports pregnant students in their pursuit of education and personal growth.
https://doi.org/10.56648/aide-irj.v7i1.102
PDF

References

Abalos, C. P. G., Y. G. Lagcao, L.L. Penaflor, S. N. Perocho and A. S. Besa. (2023). Enter Her Novice World: A Narrative Study on the Life of a Teenage Student-Mother. Indonesian Journal of Educational Research and Technology. Indonesia. Volume 3. No.2 ejournal.uoi.edu/index.php/ijert/article/view/50078

Akowuah, J. A., Akowuah, E. F., & Ampaw, S. (2020). Pregnant student nurses’ perception of the impact of pregnancy on their academic performance at the University of Cape Coast, Ghana. Advances in Medical Education and Practice, 11, 345-356.

Anderson, A., Gordon, W., & Miles, A. (2021). Support for pregnant and parenting students in higher education. Journal of Student Affairs Research and Practice, 1-15.

Baldwin, L. M., Grossman, D. C., Casey, S., Hollow, W. B., Sugarman, J. R., & Freeman, W. L. (2019). Perinatal and infant health among rural and urban American Indians/Alaska Natives. American Journal of Public Health, 109(S1), S79-S86.

Bortolin, S., Galbally, M., & Reilly, N. (2017). Education outcomes of children born to women with gestational diabetes in Victoria, Australia. Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology, 30(3), 404-408.

Brown, A., & Wilson, L. (2019). Understanding the Financial Challenges of Pregnant Students in Higher Education. Journal of Student Financial Aid, 49(2), 33-47.

Brown, R. A., Neary, M. T., & Hammond, A. (2019). Pregnant and parenting students on campus: Policy and program support. Journal of College and Character, 20(2), 95-100.

Briley, M. E., Taylor, E., & Collins, L. (1980). Socioeconomic, demographic, and educational characteristics of pregnant adolescents. Home Economics Research Journal, 8(3), 184-189.

Canavarro, M. C., Silva, N., Diniz, E., Pereira, M., Koller, S. H., & Pires, R. (2020). Sociodemographic, sexual, and reproductive variables associated with pregnancy among adolescents from low socioeconomic background. Journal of Community Psychology, 48(6), 1732-1750.

Canayong, N. (2019). Teenage Mothers’ Graduation and Drop-out Rates in the Philippines. Asean Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Research. Vol-03, Issue 06. pp. 140-145 ajhssr.co/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/S1936140145.pdfedu

Clark, E., Johnson, M., & Smith, R. (2017). The Impact of Pregnancy on Academic Performance: A Longitudinal Study. Journal of Educational Psychology, 109(3), 334-342.

Gavin, L. E., Pazol, K., Ahrens, K. A., Markowitz, L. E., & Fuentes, L. (2018). Racial/ethnic and income disparities in the prevalence of preterm birth among lesbian, gay, and heterosexual US women during the first two pregnancies of a national cohort. Annals of Epidemiology, 28(12), 883-889.

Ghouth, A. S. B., Break, A. S. B., Melkat, A. A., & Belafair, A. S. (2017). Profile of Teenage Pregnancy in Hadramout, Yemen. Journal of Woman's Reproductive Health, 1(4), 1-8.

Johnson, L. (2018). Supporting Pregnant Students in Higher Education: Institutional Policies and Practices. Educational Policy Review, 28(2), 215-230.

Johnson, M. (2018). Social Stigma and Discrimination: The Lived Experiences of Pregnant Students. Journal of Social Issues, 43(2), 215-230.

Jones, K., & Smith, L. (2021). Exploring the Health and Well-being of Pregnant Students in Higher Education. Journal of Health Education, 27(1), 45-58.

Jones, M. (20XX). Online Learning Modules and Their Impact on the Academic Performance of Pregnant Students. Journal of Online Education, 12(2), 78-92.

Krveger, Richard A. 2002. Designing and Conducting Focus Group Interviews, University of Minnesota, Minnesota,

Larson, Chris. 2016. Disruptive Innovation Theory: What it is and 4 key concepts. Harvard Business School online. online.hbs.edu

Maemeko, E. L., Nkengbeza, D., & Chokomosi, T. M. (2018). The impact of teenage pregnancy on academic performance of grade 7 learners at a school in the Zambezi region. Open Journal of Social Sciences, 6(09), 88.

Natividad, J. 2013. Teenage Pregnancy in the Philippines: Trends, Correlates and Data Sources. asean-endocrinejournal.org/index.php/JAFES/article/view/49/477

Nkosi, K. B., Makhene, A., & Matlala, S. (2019). Educational challenges as experienced by pregnant student nurses at a college in Mpumalanga. Curationis, 42(1), 1-7.

Nkosi, N. and E. Pretorius. (2019).The Influence of Teenage Pregnancy on Education: Perceptions of Educators at a Secondary School in Tembisa, Gauteng. Social Work. Volume 55, No 1. scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0037-805420190001000009

Pogoy, A., R. Verzosa, N. Coming, and R. Agustino. 2014. Lived Experiences of Early Pregnancy Among Teenagers: A Phenomenological Study. European Scientific Journal. Volume 10. No. 2. pp 161-163.

Smith, A. (2019). Academic Challenges of Pregnant Students: A Study on Grades and Attendance. Journal of Higher Education, 45(3), 123-140.

Smith, R., Johnson, M., & Brown, A. (2021). Family Support and Resilience Among Pregnant Students in Higher Education. Journal of Family Studies, 35(4), 421-435.

Torkashvand Moradabadi, M., & Alimondegari, M. (2022). Socioeconomic correlations of pregnancy in Iranian girls aged under 19 years based on the 2016 census. Payesh (Health Monitor), 21(2), 173-181.

Uwizeye, D., Muhayiteto, R., Kantarama, E., Wiehler, S., & Murangwa, Y. (2020). Prevalence of teenage pregnancy and the associated contextual correlates in Rwanda. Heliyon, 6(10).

Wilson-Mitchell, K., Bennett, J., & Stennett, R. (2014). Psychological health and life experiences of pregnant adolescent mothers in Jamaica. International journal of environmental research and public health, 11(5), 4729-4744.

Zorilla, R., 2021. National Nutrition Council. Negative Impacts of Teenage Pregnancy in the The Philippines. (March 22, 2021). nnc.gov.ph/regional-offices/mindanao/region-ix-zamboanga-peninsula/4931-negative-impact-of-teenage-pregnancy-in-the-Philippines